Alternate Name: BMD test, bone density test, bone densitometry, DEXA scan, DXA, dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry

Test Significance: A bone mineral density (BMD) test uses X-rays to measure how much calcium and other bone minerals are packed into a segment of bone. The bones that are most commonly tested are in the spine, hip, and forearm. The higher your bone mineral content, the denser your bones are. And the denser your bones, the stronger they generally are and the less likely they are to break.

The prevalence of osteoporosis in Indian women aged 3060 years is 29%a disease that causes bones to become more fragile and more likely to break. Although osteoporosis is more common in older women, men can also develop the condition.

A BMD test at Meesha Diagnostics and Polyclinic provides guidelines to help identify the decrease in bone density, determine the risk of fracture, and monitor osteoporosis.

BMD test results are estimated on the basis of: